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What exactly is a joint?

When two or more bones are joined together, this is known as a joint. Joints can be rigid, like between the bones of your skull, or they can be moveable, like knees, hips, and shoulders. At the end of our bones where they come together is cartilage, which prevents joints from grinding against one another (Figure 1).

Healthy joints matter

Healthy joints allow you to run, walk, jump, move twist and turn. Keeping your joints healthy to reduce the wear and tear on the cartilage is a key component to having an active lifestyle and doing all the things you love to do. Making sure you eat a healthy diet, get plenty of sleep and regular exercise will help you stay healthy and keep your joints healthy.

What can go wrong?

Joint pain is a very common problem, and is caused by either an injury to the joint or by a condition known as arthritis.

Normal Joint

normal-jointNormal Joint

Figure (1)

What is arthritis?

The term arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Although you may think arthritis affects only older people, it can affect young people, too.

There are many different types of arthritis:


In older people, joint pain that gets gradually worse is a sign of osteoarthritis. This is the most common type of arthritis, whereby the surface cartilage in the joints breaks down and wears away, allowing your bones to rub together (Figure 2a). This causes pain, swelling and loss of motion in the joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis:

This is an autoimmune disease whereby the immune system attacks the tissues of the joints, causing pain, stiffness and loss of function in the joints. People with rheumatoid arthritis can have permanent damage to their joints (Figure 2c).



Figure (2a)

Rheumatoid arthritis

rheumatoid-arthritisRheumatoid arthritis

Figure (2b)

Other types of arthritis include gout, juvenile arthritis (arthritis in children) or arthritis caused by diseases such as lupus, fibromyalgia, psoriasis or infection.

Support your joints


Move your body

Exercise plays an important part in keeping our joints healthy and reducing the risk for arthritis.

Try these   exercises   for healthy joints.


Take a supplement for your joints

MenaCal.7TM’s new joint range are supplements that provide the following benefits for your joints:

  • reduce joint pain and stiffness
  • improve mobility
  • promote cartilage production

Eat a joint-healthy diet

Diet plays an important role in reducing inflammation in your joints.

Following a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fish and nuts and seeds is great for your body and your joints.

Try these joint-healthy   recipes.


Get plenty sleep

Getting enough sleep is important to keep you healthy and keep your joints healthy too.

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